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    广东自考本科英语复习资料(4)

    2024-06-07 17:41:44   来源:其它    点击:
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      Text A Fallacies about Food

      本课主要单词

      1.fallacy n.谬误;谬论;错误的推理或信念

      That the earth is flat used to be a popular fallacy.(地球是扁平的这一谬误曾一度很流行。)

      Needless to say,this statement is based on fallacy.(不用说,这是一个基于谬误推理的陈述。)

      2.quality n.质量;品质,特性adj.优质的,高级的

      He is a man of many good qualities.(他具有许多优秀品质。)

      The quality of your products is superior to that of ours.(你们的产品质量比我们的好。)

      You have no reason to deprive me of the right to a quality education.

      (你没有理由剥夺我受良好教育的权利。)

      qualify v.使合适,使胜任

      I am not very sure if he is qualified for the job.(我不很肯定他是否胜任这份工作。)

      His skills qualify him for the job.(他的技艺使他有资格担任这一工作。)

      qualified adj.有资格的;称职的

      He is trying hard to make himself a qualified teacher.(他在努力使自己成为一个称职的教师。)

      3.savage adj.野蛮的,未开化的;凶猛的,残酷的n.野蛮人,粗野的人

      Most of the time elephants are tame but they can be very savage.

      (大多数时候大象很温顺,但他们也会大发野性。)

      No one can put up with his savage manners.(谁也忍受不了他的粗暴态度。)

      4.tribe n.种族,部落;(动植物)族,类

      This attitude still remains in some primitive tribes.(这种观念在一些原始部落中依然存在。)

      5.bravery n.勇敢,大胆brave adj.勇敢的v.冒(危险等);敢于做(某事)

      He made a brave attempt to prevent the group fighting.(他勇敢地试图阻止群殴。)

      They braved all the dangers and difficulties in completing their work.

      (他们冒着各种危险和困难完成了任务。)

      6.eager adj.热切的,渴望的

      be eager to do sth.渴望做某事

      be eager for/about sth.渴求某事

      eager beaver做事异常卖力的人;雄心勃勃的人

      The teacher found all the students were eager to express their opinions.

      (老师发现所有的学生都渴望表述自己的观点。)

      I am eager for the performance to begin.(我热切地等待着演出的开始。)

      7.civilized adj.文明的,开化的

      civilization n.文明,文化

      8.root n.根;根本,根源;v.(使)生根,(使)扎根

      She flushed to the root of her hair.(她羞得满脸通红。)

      He sat there rooted like a statue.(他像一尊雕塑一样一动不动地坐在那儿。)

      9.magic n.魔法,魔力;魔术

      magical adj.有魔力的;神秘的

      magician n.魔术师;巫师

      The prince was turned by magic into a beast.(王子被魔法变成了一只野兽。)

      The magic of music is beyond words.(音乐的魅力无法用言语形容。)

      He used to believe that the old lady had magical powers.(他曾以为那个老太太有魔力。

      (注意:magic也可以做形容词用,词义和magical一样。但是magic通常只能做定语用,而magical既可做定语用也可做表语用。)

      10.poisonous adj.有毒的

      poison n.&v.毒药;中毒,毒死;破坏

      11.overseas adv.在海外,在国外adj.海外的,国外的

      He said he would travel overseas if he had a long holiday.(他说如果有长假,他就去国外旅游。)

      There is a vast overseas market for our goods.(我们的产品有广阔的海外市场。)

      12.widespread adj.分布广的,普遍的

      Pollution problem is now attracting widespread attention.(污染问题正引起广泛关注。)

      13.digestive adj.消化的,有消化力的

      digest v.消化;领会

      digestion n.消化;领悟

      indigestible adj.难理解的;难消化的

      It will be very helpful for you to digest the important points in the book.

      (领会这本书中的要点将会对你很有帮助。)

      14.foundation n.根据;基金会;基地

      The early training gave her a very firm foundation.(早期的训练给她打下了坚实的基础。)

      In fact the rumor is without foundation.(事实上,这个谣传没有根据。)

      15.belief n.相信;信念

      believe v.相信;认为

      It is his belief that he will succeed sooner or later.(他相信他迟早会成功。)

      What he told me just now is really beyond my belief.(他刚才对我说的话令我难以置信。)

      16.combination n.结合,联合;化合物

      combine v.结合,联合

      The football players showed good combination.(足球队员们配合默契。)

      It will do us a lot of good if we can combine theory with practice.

      (如果把理论和实际结合起来将对我们大有好处。)

      17.chiefly adv.主要地

      chief n.首领;长官adj.主要的

      I think this will become the chief concern of the world today.

      (我认为这将成为当今世界的首要关心的问题。)

      the editor in chief总编the chief engineer总工程师

      chief executive最高行政长官chief justice首席法官

      chief of staff参谋长chief of state国家元首

      18.contain v.包含;容纳;克制

      This mini-bus can contain 18 passengers.(这辆面包车可乘坐18人。)

      How much water can this water tank contain?(这只水箱能装多少水?)

      He cannot contain himself for the joy.(他高兴得不能自制。)

      本课主要构词法

      affixation词缀法

      1.名词后缀-ity quality

      2.名词后缀-ation;-ion;combination,civilization,foundation,digestion

      3.名词后缀-ture mixture

      4.形容词后缀-ous poisonous

      5.形容词后缀-ible indigestible

      6.形容词后缀-ful helpful,powerful

      7.副词前缀over-overseas

      compounding合词法

      复合形容词widespread;man-eating;

      本课简介

      本课主要介绍了由古至今人们对饮食的看法。远古时候,人们认为吃什么补什么。文明社会的人们则一度认为人参的根,鸡蛋,西红柿有各自不同的神奇功用。今天,人们认为鱼有强身,健脑,壮骨,美肤等作用,还认为饮食方面有诸多禁忌。如此种种的说法是否有道理,本课课文会给你一个答案。

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