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    广东自考本科英语复习资料(2)

    2024-06-07 17:20:12   来源:其它    点击:
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      Text A

      The Atlantic Ocean

      本课主要单词

      1.unwilling adj.不情愿的,不愿意的;勉强的

      she is unwilling to share anything with others.(她不愿意与他人分享任何东西。)

      He was unwilling to give up halfway even though there might be more difficulties ahead.

      (尽管前面可能有许多困难,但他不愿意中途放弃。)

      They got some unwilling assistance from the local government.(地方政府勉强给了他们一些协助。)

      2.equator n.赤道

      3.bulge n.不规则突起;鼓起之处;(突然)上涨,增多

      v.使膨胀;塞满

      Between the bulge of South America and the bulge of Africa lies the narrowest place of the Atlantic Ocean.(大西洋的最狭窄处位于南美洲的突起处和非洲的突起处之间。)

      The graph shows a bulge in the birth rate in the year of dragon.(图表显示龙年出生率的暴增。)

      4.unusual adj.少有的;不寻常的;与众不同的,独特的

      It was not unusual for him to work very late every night.(每天工作到深夜对他来说是很平常的事。

      5.salty adj.咸的,含盐的salt n.盐;风趣v.用盐调味;用盐腌;撒盐于道路上

      He didn’t have much for dinner as the dishes were too salty.(他晚餐吃的不多,因为菜太咸了。)

      It took them a long time to salt the main roads.(他们花了好长时间才在主要公路上撒上盐。)

      grind salt in sb.’s wounds在某人伤口上撒盐,使某人痛上加痛

      with a grain of salt半信半疑地

      Salt Lake City盐湖城(美国尤他州州府)

      请注意:形容词salty是由名词salt加形容词后缀-y构成的。这样的形容词在英语中还有很多,如:windy,snowy,rainy,cloudy,sunny,funny,muddy,foggy…

      6.average n.平均数,平均adj.平均的;平常的,普通的v.平均

      The average of 5,7 and 9 is 7.(5,7,9的平均数是7.)

      The average temperature yesterday was below zero.(昨天的平均气温在零度以下。)

      He is an average student in his class.(他是班上的一般学生。)

      7.spot n.地点,处所;点,斑点v.点缀;认出;准确定位adj.当场作出的;现付的

      She toured many scenic spots during the holiday.(假日里她游览了许多风景胜地。)

      She told us the exact spot where the accident happened.(她把事故发生的准确地点告诉了我们)

      His shoes are spotted with mud.(他的鞋子上有泥渍。)

      She is so special,you can spot her in the crowd easily.(她很特别,你在人群中能一眼认出她来。)

      She was urged to make a spot decision.(她被催促当场做决定。)

      on the spot当场,在现场in a spot在困境中,在窘境中

      put sb.on the spot使某人处于难堪地位

      put one’s finger on sb’s weak spot指出某人性格上的弱点

      spot check抽样检查spot survey抽样调查

      spotlight聚光灯;汽车上的反光灯;公众注意中心

      spot news现场报道的新闻spot price现货价

      8.range n.山脉;幅度,范围v.(在某范围内)变动,变化;把…排列成行

      medium-range missile中程导弹wide range of interests兴趣广泛

      at close range接近地in/within range在射程内

      9.peak n.山峰;顶点

      The mountain peak is covered with snow all the year.(山峰终年积雪。)

      His career is at its peak.(他的事业正处于鼎盛时期)

      10.vessel n.船,舰;容器,器皿

      an ocean-going vessel远洋轮

      11.crew n.全体船员,全体机务人员

      The crew was(were)annoyed at the captain’s decision.(船员们对船长的决定感到恼火。)

      The aircraft has a crew of 6.(这架飞机有6名机组人员。)

      12.becalm v.(常用被动语态)(指帆船)因无风而停止前进

      He was becalmed for a whole week north of the island.(他在海岛北面因无风而停泊了整整一周。)

      13.gulf n.海湾;隔阂;鸿沟

      The quarrel left a gulf between the two close friends.(那场争吵在两位好友间造成了隔阂。)

      the Gulf of Mexico墨西哥湾

      Gulf Stream湾流,墨西哥湾流

      14.stream n.小河,溪流v.流,涌

      Tears streamed down her cheeks when she heard the news.(当她听到那个消息时,泪水顺着脸颊流了下来。)

      15.current n.(空气,水等的)流,潮流;电流;倾向adj.当前的,通行的

      The child had been swept away by the current.(孩子被水流卷走了。)

      Mass media influence the current of public opinion.(大众传媒影响舆论的倾向。)

      Give me a current issue of Reader’s Digest.(给我一本最近一期的读者文摘。)

      current events时事current situation当前形势

      16.affect v.影响;打动;(疾病)侵袭effect n.效果;作用,影响;

      no effects无存款(银行在空头支票上的批语)

      be of no effect无效bring sth.to effect实行,实施

      in effect实际上take effect见效;生效

      17.climate n.气候

      weather n.天气

      18.flow n.流v.流动

      The doctor stopped the flow of blood.(医生把血止住了。)

      19.furnish v.供应,提供;装备,(用家具)布置

      20.highway n.公路;(水陆)交通干线

      21.float v.(使)漂浮

      本课主要构词法

      Affixation(词缀法)

      1.反意词前缀un-unusual,unwilling

      2.形容词后缀-y salty

      3.名词后缀-or sailor

      Compounding(合词法)

      1.复合名词highway,steamship,airplane

      2.复合形容词mid-Atlantic,eastward

      本课简介

      The Atlantic Ocean向读者介绍了有关大西洋的情况。我们可以了解航行大西洋的过去和现在,也可以了解大西洋“制造”出来的世界之最。

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